Q: What does the legal phrase "nunc pro tunc" mean?
A: Nunc pro tunc (a Latin phrase meaning "now for then") refers to an order having retroactive legal effect through a court's inherent power. Nunc pro tunc orders are commonly used to correct errors or omissions in the judicial record.
Q: Who was the first comic book superhero to have a secret identity as a lawyer?
A: The Clock was a masked superhero and the alter ego of District Attorney Brian O'Brien, who decided to become a district attorney by day and a vigilante by night. First appearing in 1936, The Clock predated Batman by nearly three years.
Q: Who was the first Native American to clerk for the U.S. Supreme Court?
A: Justice Gorsuch hired Tobi Young, an Oklahoma-born citizen of the Chickasaw Nation, to clerk for him in the 2018-19 term of the Court. She is believed to be the first enrolled citizen of a Native American tribe to serve as a law clerk at SCOTUS.
Q: Which U.S. President appointed the most federal judges?
A: Ronald Reagan appointed the most federal judges, with 402 confirmations. Jimmy Carter made the most judicial appointments relative to his term in office, averaging 65.5 judicial appointments per year.
Q: According to the United States Code, what is the national tree of the U.S.?
A: 36 U.S.C. § 305 designates the tree genus Quercus, commonly known as the oak tree, as the national tree. Congress designated the oak tree as the national tree as part of the 2005 Consolidated Appropriations Act.
Q: Who is the only police officer to have arrested a sitting U.S. President?
A: In 1872, William H. West, a Black police officer who had fought in the Civil War, stopped Ulysses S. Grant at the corner of 13th and M streets in Washington for speeding in a horse-drawn carriage. Grant paid a $20 fine, which he did not contest.
Q: Who was the first Black woman to serve as a federal district court judge?
A: Constance Baker Motley was nominated by Lyndon Johnson to a seat on the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of New York in 1966. Prior to becoming a judge, she was a civil rights litigator and the first black woman elected to the New York State Senate.
Q: Which U.S. Supreme Court Justice was nicknamed "Whizzer"?
A: Byron "Whizzer" White earned his nickname as a college football player at the University of Colorado. He was offered a professional football contract with the Pittsburgh Pirates, and was named to the College Football Hall of Fame in 1954.